Wealthy backgrounds lead to higher graduate earnings

May 3, 2021


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first_imgOn the issue of why those from wealthier backgrounds might do better than their peers in competition for the very highest earning jobs, the study offers suggestions but no firm answer. According to one postgraduate with experience in business and hiring processes however, “it remains an unfortunate reality that wealthy, influential families have connections that can give certain graduates an unfair advantage in hiring processes for highly-paid roles.” Jonathan Black, director of the Oxford Careers Service, highlighted the initiatives run by the university that aim to address any disadvantages brought about by household income or gender. He told Cherwell, “the Careers Service provides connections with alumni (to address any social capital deficits) for students, and training programmes are being introduced (eg, Springboard for women students) to address any confidence issues.“The Moritz-Heyman scholarships programme, which particularly targets students from low-income and disadvantaged backgrounds, includes as part of its support for on-course students funded internship opportunities that allow students to pursue valuable work experience while having their costs covered.”­­­ A recent study on graduate income has revealed that students from wealthy backgrounds go on to earn more than those from less well-off families. The findings of the report also indicate a disparity in the earnings of men and women, as well as differences based upon the course studied and institution attended by the graduate.The study was a collaboration between the Institute for Fiscal Studies, Institute of Education, University of Cambridge and Harvard University, with funding from the Nuffield Foundation. The Institute for Fiscal Studies’ (IFS) press release states ‘the average student from a higher-income background earned about 10% more than the average student from other backgrounds.’ Zoe Fannon, currently reading for an MPhil in Economics, told Cherwell, “the question in both cases is why individuals from less-wealthy families and female graduates seem to not end up in the high-paid jobs.” The disparity grew at the very top of the earnings spectrum. ‘The 10% highest-earning male graduates from richer backgrounds earned about 20% more than the 10% highest earners from relatively poorer backgrounds even after taking account of subject and the characteristics of the university attended. The equivalent premium for the 10% highest-earning female graduates from richer backgrounds was 14%.’ She was eager to address the information the study was based on and said “they only have data on the graduates who took out loans from the Student Loan Company.” As a result of how income thresholds are calculated, “the graduates from wealthy families are mostly people whose parents are professionals rather than people whose parents own companies or run hedge funds (because they would likely pay fees straight up rather than taking out a loan).” Oxford was no exception in the study. While ‘more than 10% of male graduates from LSE, Oxford and Cambridge were earning in excess of £100,000 a year ten years after graduation in 2012/13’ only LSE had over 10% of its female graduates earning above the same figure.last_img read more

All-Star ‘Songs Of Barlow’ Tribute To Be Re-Webcast For Free In Honor Of John Perry Barlow’s Birthday

March 2, 2021


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first_imgOn Wednesday, October 3rd, late Grateful Dead lyricist and Internet pioneer John Perry Barlow would have celebrated his 71st birthday. In honor of Barlow’s first birthday since his death at the age of 70 earlier this year, Relix has announced that they will re-webcast their 2016 “The Songs of Barlow” tribute free of charge.“The Songs of Barlow” tribute originally took place at Brooklyn Bowl on December 14th, 2016, and featured Terrapin Family Band members Grahame Lesh, Ross James, and Alex Koford with Scott Padden as well as special guest appearances by Eric Krasno, Jackie Greene, Jon Graboff, Karina Rykman, Katie Jacoby, Rob Barraco, Leslie Mendelson, DJ Logic, and more. The re-stream of “The Songs of Barlow” tribute will take place on October 3rd at 10 p.m. ET via the Relix Facebook page.John Perry Barlow—a frequent Bob Weir collaborator, poet, essayist, political activist, and retired Wyoming cattle rancher—was attributed with helping create Grateful Dead tunes like “Throwing Stones”, “Feel Like A Stranger”, “Cassidy”, “Estimated Prophet”, “Lost Sailor”, “Saint Of Circumstance”, “Mexicali Blues”, “The Music Never Stopped”, and many others.In addition to his contributions to the Grateful Dead, Barlow was a well-known political activist who identified as a cyberlibertarian, though he worked across the aisle with both Democrats and Republicans to further causes he believed in. He was a founding member of the Electronic Frontier Foundation and the Freedom of the Press Foundation and had, most recently, been particularly vocal in advocating for the preservation of net neutrality. Furthermore, he was a Fellow Emeritus at the Berkman Center for Internet and Society at Harvard Law School and had previously been recognized by Time Magazine in the outlet’s 2012 article, “School of Rock: 10 Supersmart Musicians“.You can watch the live stream below:The Songs of Barlow Rebroadcast[Video: Relix; Directed/Produced by Jonathan Healey]Happy birthday, John Perry Barlow. Your many contributions to this world are greatly missed.[H/T Relix]last_img read more

Connecting fellowship and public service

March 1, 2021


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first_imgGraduate students with aspirations for public service are more inclined to follow their dreams when they have opportunities to connect their coursework with the world of practice. That is the takeaway from a new analysis of the Rappaport Public Policy Fellows Program carried out by Professor Edward Glaeser, who directs HKS’s Rappaport Institute for Greater Boston, and others affiliated with the Institute.Titled “The Impact of the Rappaport Public Policy Fellows Program on Career Trajectories,” the analysis compared career paths taken by more than 100 former Boston-area graduate students who received the Rappaport Public Policy Fellowship with the career trajectories of almost 100 applicants who made it to the final selection round but did not receive the fellowship (or were offered one and did not accept it).Now in its twelfth year, the fellowship each year gives about a dozen graduate students in policy-related programs from throughout greater Boston, the opportunity to work full time for a public-sector entity in the region. Throughout the summer, Institute staff and outside mentors work with the students throughout the summer to ensure that their experience is going well. Each week the students meet as a group to discuss their work, hear from outside speakers, or go on field visits to a variety of sites in the region.The full analysis is available on the Rappaport Institute’s website.last_img read more

Athlete Diet: Vegetarian or Paleo?

December 30, 2020


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first_imgVegetarianNot so long ago, most athletes looked at a plant-based diet as an unfortunate affliction. Tell another athlete you didn’t eat meat (voluntarily!), and you’d get a look that was at once puzzled and sympathetic, as if you’d just said you put Yoo-Hoo in your gas tank.Now, athletes at the pinnacle of their sports, from ultramarathoner Scott Jurek to mixed martial arts fighter Mac Danzig, have settled on vegan diets to resounding success–and with limited amounts of tree hugging and granola crunching!Why the dramatic shift in attitude? Professional athletes tell me that the crucial benefit of a plant-based diet is in the recovery. After a tough workout, they simply need less time to rest than when they used to eat meat. This means they can get back out there sooner to do it all again–and at the elite level, more workouts means more success.But what about the rest of us, the weekend warriors who may have no reason to work out any more than we already do? For us, recovering faster with plant fuel still has benefits. For one, being more prepared for your next workout means fewer injuries.A vegetarian diet also means cleaner arteries, reduced risk of heart disease, and a healthier, happier body. Our bodies are built to digest vegetables. The caveman is a myth. For all of human history, most of our calories came from plants.But how can you possibly get enough protein from plants, right?Getting enough protein as a vegan athlete isn’t such a big deal, honest. Yes, you lose a lot of calories when you cut out meat, dairy, and eggs, and you’ve got to replace most of them if you want to get and stay stronger and faster. But there’s nothing special about the protein that comes from animals, and you can get all you need–which isn’t nearly as much as we’ve been led to believe—from plants.As a vegetarian (and even a vegan), I’ve found that these restrictions have made me more conscious of what I put into my body each day. Whereas I used to excuse the occasional hamburger or ice cream sundae as perks in an otherwise healthy diet, being vegan literally takes those indulgences off the table.Elite athletes may be interested in faster recovery and more workouts, but even we mere mortals can benefit from a vegetarian diet—whether that means a faster marathon time or just less time logged at McDonald’s.Matt Frazier is a vegan marathoner and ultramarathoner who shares his experiences and advice at his website NoMeatAthlete.com. Paleo I first encountered the Paleo lifestyle in 2008, when I wanted to transition into lightweight rowing.  This means that two hours before I race, I step on a scale and must weight under 130 pounds. My race lasts seven minutes plus, and my heart rate averages 180 beats per minute. I race a heat, a semi and a final and sometimes even a fourth heat if I don’t advance by placing in top positions.Just to keep up, I need recovery and consistency.  I need acute focus and agility to maneuver long skinny oars and balance the boat, all while attempting repeated perfect  strokes, even in extreme temperatures, wind, and rain. The Paleolithic diet was my answer to the intense demands of my transition to lightweight rowing.Paleo principles are about getting sunshine and eating real food (lean animal protein, vegetables, fruits, and healthy fats from coconut, avocado, olive oil, and moderate amounts of nuts and seeds). Along with dairy and processed fats and sugars, I stay away from beans and legumes, which contain saponins that act as toxins in the body. In addition, grains contain lectins and anti-nutrients that result in gut irritations in much of the population.Within the first three months of Paleo-eating I noticed how alive I felt. That may sound overly Zen, but as an athlete, you are mostly walking around depleted—tired from the training load. With Paleo, I recover faster, need less sleep, and have more energy and excitement for workouts. My nerves are sharper and I absorb technical changes more quickly. I started rowing late in the game, as a  twenty-six-year-old rower competing against eighteen-year-olds. I need all the extra energy I can get.I also find that I can really taste my food. And with every dollar I spend at farmers’ markets and on grass-fed meat, I am sending a message that corporate feedlots and GMOs are not okay. I go straight for the dark, leafy greens  for calcium and antioxidants. Root vegetables and tubers give me the energy to train, and the protein from wild-caught, naturally-fed meat contains the amino acids my muscles need to recover. Best of all, I don’t feel like I’m going hungry.Calorie for calorie, I’m getting the biggest bang per mouthful, and you can too. Beans and rice might keep you alive, but you won’t thrive. I’m moving towards thriving, and that is why I train, race, and eat Paleo.Ursula Grobler has spent three years on the U.S. Rowing National Team and is the current lightweight world record holder on the Concept 2 Ergometer.last_img read more